Indian Education System After Independence | Latest Education Articles
Indian Education System After Independence, Latest initiative For schools in India, free Education in India:
Indian Education System
As a result of the widespread illiteracy, India has worked to ensure that its educational system conforms to global standards. We have made great progress in education in the 70 years since independence. The picture in education was quite different in 1947 from now. India has come a long way in terms of public literacy rates with more universities and educational institutions. In 2001, the literacy rate was 64.8 per cent, or 73 per cent in 2011. It was 18.33 per cent in 1951. At present, higher Indian Education System is the world’s largest student in more than 70 million students in less Of two decades.
Dissemination Of Higher Education India
Higher education, once enjoyed by the elite, is now available to a large part of society. The Government has set up various educational committees to address the challenges of education and to recommend general education policies as well as to improve the education system in India.
Committees And Reforms
The Central Advisory Board of India decided to establish two committees, one for university and one for secondary education.
1. University Education Committee (1948): The first and most important committee that was appointed in Independent India was the University Education Committee of 1948, Radakrishnan, to report on the status of Indian Education System university and propose improvements, which may be desirable to meet the requirements of the future and the future of the nation. The committee also aims to establish universities that will provide knowledge and wisdom for the overall development of students’ personality. The report suggested rebuilding the education system in line with the vision of the Indian Constitution.
Modular Commission (1952-53): The recommendations of the Mudliar Commission are very important in the development of secondary education in independent India. The need to train Indians in the democratic way of life was emphasized. Some reforms in the country’s education system have been introduced on the basis of reports and recommendations, such as the introduction of the high secondary program and the three-year cycle and the opening of more and more vocational and technical schools and colleges. Education became the responsibility of state and central government governments.
2. Kothari Committee (1964-1966): The Medi Alert Committee followed the appointment of the Indian Education Committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Kothari, popularly known as the Kothari Commission. He was responsible for dealing with all aspects and sectors of Indian Education System and advising the government on the development of the national education system.
National Policy in Education (1968): In accordance with the recommendations of this Committee, the National Education Policy of 1968. The most important developments in the improvement of the education sector came with the National Education Policy in 1968. The perspectives of education were drawn to all sectors of society to achieve the goal of harmony and integration. The use of regional languages in secondary schools was promoted to establish an effective relationship between teacher and student. Indian language has been given importance as a means of education schools in India.
It was felt that education had the capacity to act as a popular tool for social, economic and political change. Instead, Indian Education System goals have been linked to long-term national aspirations. In addition, the government has set up committees to study the development of education in modern times, especially since independence, and concluded that Indian education requires a radical, almost revolutionary reconstruction of constitutional objectives and dealing with the various problems facing the country.
The National Education Policy Project proposed in 1979 the development of an education system that helped people not only to improve their knowledge but also to academic skills.
There has been a shift in government methodology. The main objective was to make students aware of the principles of morality and ethics so that they can develop good character and become worthy citizens. A good educational system was proposed to promote constitutional values.
National Policy for Education (1986): The 1986 National Education Policy focused on the provision of scholarships for the poor, adult education, the reorientation of the whole system to promote gender equality, the appointment of teachers with disabilities, physically and mentally disabled groups and areas requiring special attention, as well as the development of new schools and colleges.All these political initiatives after independence have produced measurable results in all areas such as school enrollment, increased spending on education, high literacy rates, inclusive education, etc.
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Sign Up It is worth noting that the country now has more than 1.5 million schools with more than 260 million registered students and about 751 colleges and 35399 colleges rather than a pathetic situation in 1947 when we had only 19 universities and 400 colleges. India in 1947 formed only 5,000 secondary schools.
Growth in school enrollment: It should also be noted that the number of primary schools increased by more than 230 per cent between 1951 and 1980. The percentage of the population attending India school, the number of middle and high schools and registered teachers was the highest in 1980. In 1981 There were 66,400 schools versus 230,700 in 1951, indicating a 65% increase in the total number of schools in 30 years and 20 years later (2011) to 1396331. In 1981, there were 118,600 schools versus 13,600 in 1951, India has an absolute increase of 105,000 schools (88%) in 30 years, and in 2011 the total number of schools was 44,700 with an absolute increase in 32 9,000 schools.
Expenditure In Education India
The past Expenditure on education has seen multiple increases since independence. According to official data published by the Human Resources Department, spending on education through education and other ministries is only Rs 64.46 crore in 1951-1952, or 0.64% of GDP, which rose to a total of 4.65 billion Rs in 2013-2014, or 4.13% of GDP.
Growth in the literacy rate
India achieved the highest growth rate of 15.52% in literacy in 1991 because of the implementation of the new education policy in 1986, which provided the maximum 100% literacy capacity in the country. Some 360,000 students enrolled in universities in 1951-52; the number rose to about 4 million in 1990-1991. Registration continued to increase steadily. India’s education sector is expected to see the largest growth in the next few years as India will have the world’s third-largest population and the world’s second-largest talent acquisition, the end of 2020.
Universalization Of Indian Education System
After a series of committees and committees, the Indian education system was on the path of transformation, with emphasis on quality improvement. His goal was to develop moral values among students and make education closer to life. But the essence was a sustained and firm effort by all leaders, administrators, teachers, students and the community to make education more clear and more determined. However, in the absence of such power, Education System In India has been short-lived as a catalyst for human social development. He also stressed the effectiveness of universal primary education in India, the eradication of illiteracy, the development of skills in the 15 to 35 year age group, the nationalization of education and the preparation of the necessary business development needs. Policy implementation should be reviewed every five years.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (2001): The government launched Sarva Shiksha Abhyan in 2001 to provide education for children aged 6-14 years. Prior to that, he launched an education program in the region under the auspices of an effective initiative, increasing the number of schools throughout the country. In order to attract children to school, especially in rural areas, the government also began implementing the half-day meal program in 1995. Secondly, the Planning Commission of India emphasized the universalization of primary education to make the education system useful to the country. The appropriate infrastructure and the number of trained personnel were identified and distributed in 2008, through local pence.
The Central Government has directed and approved about 1,000 central schools for the children of the Central Administration for Independence Independence. Similarly, some other innovative initiatives adopted by the Government in 2017 include the Union’s budget for 2017-18, which allocated Rs 79,685.95 crore (US $ 11,952 million) to the Education Sector for the fiscal year 2017-18, 72,394 crore (US $ 10,859 million) in 2016-2017, an increase of 9.9 percent.
The latest initiative For Indian Education
The government has now allocated about $ 17 billion ($ 2.5 billion) for training, job creation and livelihoods for millions of people in Indian skills. In addition, this represents an increase of more than 8 per cent in budgetary allocations to the education sector compared with the recent budget. However, with regard to the implementation of the Seventh Committee on Higher Costs, the education budget may have been the same as last year. This year, the Ministry of Finance allocated 3.711% to the education sector, compared to 3.653% of the last budget.
It also approved a historical record of more than 4,000 postgraduate medical posts added to many colleges and medical hospitals in the academic course 2017-18. It also approved the proposal to open 50 new Kedria Vidayalas in the civil / defense sector in the country, which requires an investment of Rs.1, 160 crore (180.1 million US dollars). In addition, the Government of India and the World Bank signed a credit agreement of $ 201.50 million for the third program to improve the technical quality to improve efficiency, quality and integrity of engineering teaching by various interested States.
Serve Siksha Abhiyan, Primary Education Program in the Province, Meal Program, Teacher Training Program, Castorba Gandhi Balika Videlaya (CPFS) and continuing to work well in many countries. The number of children who are attracted to primary education has increased in full swing, although the number of fugitives on the road remains high. These programs undoubtedly met the huge needs of millions of children in need of primary education. Primary education is now available for children in villages from 1 to 2 km. According to the planning committee’s paper, “the number of homes with primary school within 1 km is 10.71 lakh (87%) and the number of houses with primary school at a distance of 3 km 9.61 lakh(78%).” There is only one leak room that must be covered by the elementary (standards 1-5, 6-11 years) and upper primary schools (standards 6-8;7-14 years) according to the same document.
Right To Education Act
The Children’s Act on Free and Compulsory Education or the Law on the Right to Education is a law passed by the Indian Parliament on 4 August 2009 describing the modalities of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under article 21 bis of the Constitution of India. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right for all children when the Act entered into force on 1 April 2010. The law makes education a basic right for all children between the ages of 6 and 14 and sets minimum standards in primary schools. Requires all private schools to reserve 25% of the children’s seats (paid by the State under the Public-Private Partnership Plan).
Roadmap Ahead Of Indian Education System
The way forward Other government initiatives have been proposed and adopted to stimulate the growth of the distance learning market and focus on new educational techniques, such as e-learning. The education sector has seen a series of reforms and improved financial payments in recent years that could transform the country into a knowledge paradise. Given the increasing importance of human resources in the overall development of the country, the development of Indian Education System infrastructure should remain the main focus of the current decade. In this scenario, investment in infrastructure in the education sector is expected to increase significantly during the current decade.
There are about 650 provinces in India, each province has about 2 million people equivalent to the total population of some Western countries. In fact, some Indian states have populations that exceed the total population of countries such as Sweden, Switzerland, Norway, Belgium and the Netherlands. Therefore, our educational planning and priorities must be quite different from the planning of Western countries. But it is important that India does its utmost to provide the growing number of children with basic infrastructure for pre-primary and primary education.
In spite of all these problems, the Indian Education System covering all sectors represents an enormous and frightening expansion and this rise is undoubtedly rising. The various measures taken by different agencies such as oak, Ekt, Imk, etc., and various educational bodies such as insert, Sisert, KPS and private professional bodies and management associations will pay off in the long term and will make India a knowledge society and attractive educational destination for today’s globalized world. This educational article concluded with the observation made by UNESCO three decades ago:
The Indian Education System is the planned process of promoting these attitudes and the transfer of basic skills to local, regional and national development, which is essential for all countries, especially for developing countries that have not yet made fundamental changes to meet the basic needs of all sectors of their populations. Education sectors over the past 65 years have been growing in the coming years. We want to see more and more things happening in the coming years. The maturity of education is a continuum linking the past history to the stream of breath, which passes the present in the future 70 years of independence.
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